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首页 博硕园地学位论文
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论12-15世纪英国军役制度

 

学 生 姓 名:郭军伟

申请专业名称:史学理论及史学史

究 方 向 :现代化、全球化的理论与实际

指导教师姓名:侯建新教授

提交论文日期:2008年5月

 

中文摘要

 

从12到15世纪英国军役制度发展的整体历程来看,它呈现从封土军役制度向契约军役制度过渡的明显特征。因应商品经济发展需要的货币封土军役制度是沟通二者的桥梁。 依据军役制度发展的历史逻辑进程本文安排如下:
第一章封土骑士军役制度。诺曼征服初期,征服的大量土地为封土骑士军役制度的实行提供了前提和物资保障,使之成为一种高效的防御机制。由于这种军役制度与自然经济具有天然的联系,因而它与商品经济是格格不入的。12世纪以降商品经济日渐发展,盾牌钱的征收及其制度的建立导致了这种军役制度的瓦解。
第二章货币封土军役制度。相对于封土骑士军役制度而言,货币封土军役制度以封授货币的方式来获得相应的军役。诺曼征服之初,它作为封土骑士军役制度的一种补充而存在,随着商品经济的复苏与发展,13、14世纪其取代封土骑士军役制度成为英王获取军事力量的重要手段。
第三章契约军役制度。货币封土军役制度使薪金得以普遍的运用,从而推动了其向契约军役制度的演进与转化,英国法百年战争促进的契约军役制度的迅速发展。在英法百年战争中,契约军队成为不同等级之间了解郁沟通的平台,它从一个侧面反映了英国社会结构的变革、军事权力的下移以及个体权利的成长。
关键词:封土骑士军役制度 货币封土军役制度 契约军役制度

 

Abstract

 

From 12 to 15 century England military service system as a whole course of development, it emerged as the clear features of the transition from fief military service system to the indenture military service system. Responding to the development needs of the commodity economic, money fief military service system become a bridge of transition between them. According to the development process of the military service system, the paper is as follows:
Chapter 1 Fief military service system. Early Norman Conquer, large amount of land has provided a guarantee for fief military service system, so that it will become a highly effective defense mechanism. Because this military service system is a product of the natural economy, it is fundamentally incompatible with the commodity economy. Owing to the development of the commodity economy since 12 cengtury the emergence and the establishment of system of the shield money broke down fief military service system.
Chapter 2 Money fief military service system. In contrast to the fief military service system, Money fief military service system gained the corresponding military service through the way of providing a sum of money. Early Norman Conquer, it exist as a supplement of fief military service system. with the recovery and development of the commodity economy, in the 13th century and 14th century, money fief military service system took place the fief military service system and became an important system.
Chapter 3 Indenture military service system. The emergence of salary and its wide use promoted conversion from the money fief military service system to the indenture military service system. One hundred years' war between England and France, it promoted the rapid development of the indenture military service system, the indenture forces serve as platform of understanding and communication among different ranks. From 12 century to the 15 century, the development and changes of England military service system reflected the changes in the structure of England society, the downward movement of military power and the grow of subject right.
Key words: fief military service system money fief military service system
indenture military service system

 

目 录

中文摘要 I
Abstract I
前言 1
第一章 封土骑士军役制 6
第一节 封土骑士军役制的确立 6
第二节 封土骑士军役制度役演变 10
第二章 货币封土军役制 14
第一节 货币封土军役制的特征 14
第二节 货币封土军役制度的发展与衰落 18
第三章 契约军役制 23
第一节 契约军役制的起源 23
第二节 契约军役制与契约军队的结构 26
结语 33
参考文献 36
一、中文类: 36
二、英文类: 37


 

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